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Stranger Things est annoncée comme la série évènement de Netflix.

Stranger Things saison 1 photo

Un soir de l’année 1983 à Hawkins, dans l’Indiana, le jeune Will Byers, 12 ans, disparaît brusquement et sans laisser de traces.

Plusieurs personnages vont alors tenter de le retrouver : sa mère Joyce ; ses amis emmenés par Mike Wheeler et aidés par l’intrigante Onze ; et le chef de la police Jim Hopper.

Parallèlement, la ville est le théâtre de phénomènes surnaturels liés au Laboratoire national d’Hawkins, géré par le département de l’Énergie (DoE) et dont les expériences dans le cadre du projet MKULTRA ne semblent pas étrangères à la disparition de Will.

Cela fleure bon les années 1980 et les influences de Steven Spielberg et Stephen King sont immanquables.

Cette première saison comporte 8 épisodes et vu l’engouement du public, une deuxième saison est à prévoir l’année prochaine.

The Gothic and the Fantastic photo

Introduction

The Gothic and the Fantastic are two literary genres both related and different.

A genre can characterize many types of literature such as poetry, drama, or the novel. It is a specific type of writing, obeying a number of rules, or recognizable through a number of themes or structural elements like suspense, plot, or characters.

I. Definitions of the Gothic

The Gothic is the ancestor of the modern horror stories. It is based on the bizarre, the macabre and the supernatural, and it very often deals with aberrant psychological states (terror, fear, anxiety). The setting could typically be a dark castle or church at night…

1. The Sublime

The Sublime is the concept developed by Edmund Burke in On the Sublime and the Beautiful (1757) which is based on two principles :

  • Beauty is small, smooth, not angular but curved, clear, light and delicate, with harmony in proportions. It is something rather feminine, with human proportions, based on pleasure.
  • the Sublime is great, rugged, straight and angular, dark and massive. It is rather masculine, inhuman because too vast, excessive and powerful for man, based on pain.

There is a dialectic like Eros (love and pleasure) and Thanatos (pain and death) : these two elements, both opposed and complementary, structured the mentalities and the mental productions of the 19th century.

It is also related to primitivism as neoclassicism expressed harmony in proportions (beauty) while the revival of the Gothic was in relation with the sublime, based on pre-christian religions, legends and superstitions and the Middle Ages.

2. Major Gothic Works

Horace Walpole, nephew of a former MP and himself a rich and noble MP, was inspired by Shakespeare’s plays (especially monsters) and wrote The Castle of Otranto (1764). His book is divided into five chapters, like the five acts of a play. It can be considered the first Gothic novel.

William Beckford published Vathek in 1782. It was first written in French and inspired by The Arabian Nights.

Gothic novels met a real success as it was a very feminine genre : women were writing, reading and had access to culture.

Other major Gothic novels include :

  • The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) by Ann Radcliffe
  • The Monk (1796) by Matthew Lewis
  • Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley
  • Melmoth the Wanderer (1820) by Charles Maturin
  • The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner (1824) by James Hogg

3. A better definition

According to Marilyn Butler:

  • there is a contrast between the sublime and the beautiful,
  • the frail, young and fragile heroine usually falls in love with a nice guy,
  • gloomy and large elements belong to the sublime,
  • the dominant emotion is fear,
  • there is a chiaroscuro : a contrast between light and darkness.

For example, The Mysteries of Udolpho is a novel set in 1584 in southern France and northern Italy which focuses on the plight of Emily St. Aubert, a young French woman who is orphaned after the death of her father. Emily suffers imprisonment in the castle Udolpho at the hands of Signor Montoni, an Italian brigand who has married her aunt and guardian Madame Cheron. Emily’s romance with the dashing Valancourt is frustrated by Montoni and others. Emily also investigates the mysterious relationship between her father and the Marchioness de Villeroi, and its connection to the castle at Udolpho. Emily conceives strange things : she can hear voices such as her dead father’s, see moving paintings, or see a man appear from nowhere in her room. They are trying to make her mad to get her heritage.

It is a Gothic novel removed from the world (sublime) and very down-to-earth. There are no supernatural elements (no ghosts and all) but a nightmarish atmosphere full of fear and shadows.

Sommaire de la série 19th Century Literary Movements

  1. The 18th Century : the Age of Enlightenment
  2. The Gothic and the Fantastic
  3. The 19th Century : Romanticism in Art and Literature

Remember Me est une mini-série diffusée sur BBC One.

remember-me-bbc

L’histoire de ce thriller fantastique est centrée sur Tom Parfitt (Michael Palin), un octogénaire qui feint une chute dans les escaliers pour quitter sa maison et être placé dans une maison de retraite.

Tom découvre vite qu’il est hanté par une silhouette fantomatique qui, peu à peu, apparaît aussi aux yeux des autres.

Rapport de faute d’orthographe

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