Une peinture vibrante et détaillée représente un village utopique situé dans une vallée luxuriante avec un grand bâtiment néoclassique au centre. Les gens se livrent à diverses activités comme l’agriculture, les jeux et la socialisation, sur fond de montagnes, de champs et d’un soleil radieux se levant dans le ciel – une véritable définition de l’utopie.

A Definition of Utopia

To define utopia, we must look for the etymology given by Thomas More. “U-topos” means “no place, nowhere”. “Eu-topos” means “the good place”, it is therefore ambiguous.

Utopia has no real location, it is a vision, impossible to find. It is good, the world is perfect, and it represents a quest for perfection. Thus, how can we reach such perfection? More’s Utopia tries to answer this: in Book I, he describes the English system and institutions he wants to eliminate. Book II describes Utopia, the materialisation of the perfect world in the future. 

Utopias are always prospective. It suggests that present-day institutions are dangerous and that we need to create a new system in the future. The characteristics of utopia are:

  • Isolated
  • Self-centred
  • An island

It is a world that cannot be contaminated by the outside world, far away from corruption. The Protestant Reformation was fighting against the corruption of the Catholic Church. Andreae, a Protestant leader wrote Christianopolis. The second reason for the emergence of Utopia is America, for it was a world of perfection, uncontaminated by civilisation.

Utopia’s subgenre is dystopia. “Dys” means “bad place”. It is a counter model, the place we must avoid at all costs. Counter-utopia and anti-utopia are confusing. A counter-utopia is a model that tries to abandon an austere model.

Perfection is dangerous. Most 19th and 20th ideologies were inspired by utopias: communism, and fascism. They aimed at creating a perfect world. In the 1960s there was a strong response to the tyranny of utopians, with the libertarians and the hippies: they refused bureaucracy and forged an individualistic response to a utopian future – the community. Utopia is interested in a group, a mass of people but not individuals. 

In the 16th century, there was a lot of interest in Thomas More’s Utopia because people were fed up with the regime, yet they did not see the problems.

The first utopia, Plato’s Republic, is a search for justice with a strong emphasis on community and property, and the abolition of money, gold and silver. Gold is used for chamber pots. The emphasis is on education and equality between men and women. We find the same features in Thomas More’s Utopia. Some ideas are acceptable, and some are not (like eugenics). Utopia endowed an implicit tyranny: while it means to make people happy, it contributes to their fall.

The concept of utopia

There have been many utopias, especially now that the definition is more precise. The definition depends on the ideological context. We can try to point out several concepts through centuries.

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Counting Crows - Round Here  photo

Counting Crows – Round Here

“August And Everything After — Live At Town Hall” from Counting Crows.

Counting Crows’ debut album “August And Everything After” was released in late 1993 and went on to sell over 7 million copies in America. In the UK it charted at No.16 and has sold over 400,000 copies. On 18 September 2007, the band performed the complete album live at Town Hall in New York City.

The lineup for this stellar evening captured on “August And Everything After — Live From Town Hall” was: Jim Bogios (drums, vocals, percussion); David Bryson (electric & acoustic guitars, vocals); Adam Duritz (vocals); Charles Gillingham (piano, Hammond B-3 organ, accordion, harmonica, vocals); David Immergluck (electric & acoustic guitars, mandolin, pedal steel, vocals), Millard Powers (bass, vocals, piano); Dan Vickrey (electric & acoustic guitars, banjo, vocals). This live performance of their complete debut album proves what truly great performing artists they are.

Step out the front door like a ghost
Into the fog where no one notices
The contrast of white on white.
And in between the moon and you
The angels get a better view
Of the crumbling difference between wrong and right.
I walk in the air between the rain
Through myself and back again
Maria says she’s dying
Through the door I hear her crying

Round here we always stand up straight
Round here something radiates

Maria came from Nashville with a suitcase in her hand
She said she’d like to meet a boy who looks like Elvis
And she walks along the edge of where the ocean meets the land
Just like she’s walking on a wire
In the circus
She parks her car outside of my house
And Takes her clothes off
Says she’s close to understanding Jesus
She knows she’s more than just a little misunderstood
She has trouble acting normal
Well I have trouble acting normal

But Round here we’re carving out our names
Round here we all look the same
Round here we talk just like lions
But we sacrifice just like lambs
Round here
Look she’s she’s slipping through my hands

Sleeping children better run like the wind
Out out out out
Out of the lightning dream
Mama’s little baby better get herself in
Out of the lightning

She says “it’s only in my head”
She says “Shhhhh I know, I know it’s only in my head”
But the girl on the car in the parking lot
Says “Man you should try to take a shot
Can’t you see my walls are crumbling?”
Then she looks up at the building
Says “I’m thinking of jumping”
She says “I’m sick and tired of life”
Everybody’s tired of something

Round here she’s always on my mind
Round here hey man I got a lot of time
Round here we’re never sent to bed early
And nobody makes us wait
Round here we stay up very, very, very, very late
I can’t see nothing… nothing round here

Would you catch if I was falling
Would you kiss me if I was leaving
Would you hold me cause I’m lonely, without you
I said I’m under the gun around here
I’m lonely, lonely, lonely without you
And I can’t see nothing
Nothing round here

Illustrated portrait of a man with a polygonal art style against a blue background, holding a magnifying glass, with the WordPress logo visible, with the text PHPCS, WPCS, and VSCode.

Valider votre projet VSCode avec PHP CodeSniffer (PHPCS) et WordPress Coding Standards (WPCS)

Dans ce tutoriel, nous allons explorer comment utiliser Composer pour installer et configurer PHP CodeSniffer (PHPCS) et WordPress Coding Standards (WPCS) dans un projet WordPress (PHP), spécifiquement en utilisant l’éditeur de code Visual Studio Code (VSCode). 

PHPCS est un outil indispensable pour analyser le code PHP, JavaScript et CSS afin de détecter les violations de standards de codage. WPCS est un ensemble de règles pour assurer que le code WordPress respecte les conventions de codage recommandées par WordPress. 

L’intégration de ces outils dans votre environnement de développement peut grandement améliorer la qualité du code et faciliter le respect des normes de codage.

Installation de Composer

Pour commencer, vous devez installer Composer, un gestionnaire de dépendances pour PHP qui permet d’installer et de gérer des bibliothèques au sein de vos projets PHP.

  • Windows :
    • Téléchargez et exécutez l’installateur de Composer depuis getcomposer.org.
    • Suivez les instructions à l’écran pour installer Composer.
  • macOS et Linux :
    • Ouvrez un terminal et exécutez la commande suivante pour télécharger le programme d’installation de Composer :
php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Ensuite, exécutez le programme d’installation :

php composer-setup.phpCode language: CSS (css)

Pour rendre Composer accessible globalement, déplacez le fichier composer.phar dans un répertoire accessible dans votre PATH :

mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Confirmez l’installation en vérifiant la version de Composer :

composer --version

Passons maintenant à la configuration de Visual Studio Code pour utiliser PHPCS et WPCS.

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