Gavin and Stacey saison 3

Gavin and Stacey saison 3

Gavin and Stacey revient pour une troisième et dernière saison !

Gavin and Stacey saison 3

Gavin a un nouvel emploi à Cardiff alors que Stacey est excitée à l’idée de revenir une nouvelle fois à Barry.

Pendant ce temps, Smithy reprend goût à la vie dans l’Essex sans son meilleur ami et Nessa s’ajuste à la vie dans la caravane de Dave à Sully.

Lire la suite

Gavin and Stacey season 1

Gavin and Stacey saison 1

Gavin and Stacey est une série britannique écrite par et jouée avec avec Ruth Jones (Little Britain, Nighty Night, Fat Friends) et James Corden (The History Boys, Fat Friends), diffusée sur BBC3 puis BBC2 et qui a gagné de nombreuses récompenses.


Stacey (Joanna Page) vient du Barry, à Cardiff, et Gavin (Mathew Horne) est de l’Essex.

Mais la différence de milieu et de culture n’empêche pas leur romance, qui s’épanouit lorsqu’ils se rencontrent enfin pour la première fois après avoir longtemps flirté au cours de coup de fils de bureau.

Lire la suite

The rise of the Scottish National Party (SNP) photo

The rise of the Scottish National Party (SNP)

  1. Scotland: the State, the Nation, Home Rule, and Devolution
  2. The Act of Union of 1707
  3. Scottish Home Rule
  4. The rise of the Scottish National Party (SNP)
  5. The Scottish Parliament
  6. Scotland: the Road to Independence


The SNP was born in 1934. It was not very successful as a political party (poor results). In April 1945, the SNP sent for the first time an MP to Parliament (Motherwell by-election).

In July, of the same year, it lost its unique seat during the general election.

1950s: poor results

Due to the lack of cohesion within the party: there were lots of divisions on several issues. And it had a negative image in public opinion: nationalism was considered evil and often associated with Nazi Germany and World War II.

1960s: breakthrough

1967: Hamilton by-election won by the SNP. The candidate elected was a woman, Winnifred Ewing.

1968: local elections. Very good results for the SNP.

People felt Scotland was spared the benefits of the economic boom of the United Kingdom. Scotland was among the regions which benefited the least. There was a feeling of discontent among the Scots. The SNP made progress.

After 1968, the SNP started to be taken seriously by both the Labour and the Conservative parties. Reactions :

  • Conservative Party (in opposition)

    In May 1968, Edward Heath (leader of the Conservative party) said he would give Scotland an Assembly: this is known as the “Declaration of Perth”. He created a constitutional committee presided by Sir Alec-Douglas-Home. The committee produced a report called “Scotland’s Government” in 1970.


       – creation of a Scottish Assembly,
       – 125 members elected directly,
       – powers to initiate and discuss Bills (to be approved by the British Parliament in Westminster).

  • Labour Party (in office)

    The Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, appointed the Royal Commission on the Constitution in 1968. The chairman was Lord Kilbrandon and it is referred to as the “Kilbrandon Commission”. It produced 2 reports in 1973.


       – creation of a Scottish Assembly,
       – members elected directly by Proportional Representation (a major innovation compared to the first-past-the-post system).

Lire la suite