Definitions : the State, the Nation, Home Rule and Devolution

The State and the Nation For Benedict Anderson, Nations are "imagined communities": it means that there is a will of the people to do things together and this group of people is so large that people cannot know every member: hence, they imagine the other members like them, sharing the same value. The State is an independent polity, a political unit with a fully independent legislature. Scotland is not a State but she is a Nation. Until 1999, Scotland was […]

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Scottish Home Rule

Introduction After the Union of 1707, Scotland started to export goods massively: especially linen, cattle and tobacco (Glasgow was nicknamed the "tobacco metropolis"). Gradually the Union came to represent carreer opportunities for upper class and middle class scots: some joined the Army in India, some became merchants in London and some others migrated to North America as settlers. 1760's: 1st Industrial Revolution in Scotland. Until then, Scotland was a rural country. It became rapidly urbanized. 1760-1830: scottish economy based on […]

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The Act of Union of 1707

Introduction Scotland was never conquered by England. There were attempts but they failed. At the end of the 13th century, the wars of independence began. In May 1st 1707, the Act of Union was ratified between England and Scotland: the Scottish Parliament and the English Parliament were suspended. They created the British Parliament and formed the Great Britain by the Union of Scotland and England. At the time, Scotland was already a protestant country (the Reformation came in the 16th […]

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