The Reformation in the British Isles

The Anglo-American World is predominantly a Protestant and religious world: reformed Christianity largely influenced the culture and ideals. But Protestantism is no British creation for it appeared in the 16th century in continental Europe: A German monk called Martin Luther started a rebellion against the churches' authority in 1517 and founded a new church: "the Lutheran or Evangelical Church". A Frenchman called Jean Calvin rose against authority and influenced indirectly the whole civilization of the English-speaking world. For them, the […]

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Rationalité et esprit du capitalisme

Introduction Max Weber (1864-1920), sociologue allemand, a écrit l'Ethique Protestante et l'Esprit du Capitalisme en 1905 et a essayé d'expliquer le sens profond du passage d'une société traditionnelle à une société moderne. Il s'interroge sur les origines du capitalisme, la rationalisation des activités économiques et sociales et la bureaucratie. Le Protestantisme est pour Weber lié à l'esprit du capitalisme. I - La rationalisation des sociétés occidentales selon Weber A - Rationalité ? Calcul, objectif, contraintes : adaptation des moyens aux […]

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Puritanism : a New World Vision

I. The Puritan New World vision in the longer schemes of things English Puritans can be divided into several groups. Most of the Puritans remained in England. They accepted the principle of Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth, with the Separatists (no affiliation with authority and the English protestant church). They were persecuted and many of them had to run away and come to the New World. To many Puritans, Christopher Columbus's passage in America was one of the most important historical events […]

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